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Promote the construction of the Belt and Road and go deep

Source:CICCPS Release time:2019/1/13 14:12:13 
        As time went by in 2019, the “Belt and Road” construction also ushered in the sixth year. Standing on a new starting point and looking into the future, how will the construction of the “Belt and Road” advance in depth? What are the prospects for the second “Belt and Road” international cooperation summit that will be held during the year? In response to these hot issues, the People's Liberation Army reporter interviewed relevant experts.

       Promote the construction of “One Belt, One Road” to high quality development

       The world today is undergoing major development, major changes and major adjustments. The “One Belt, One Road” initiative proposes new ideas and new solutions for improving the global governance system. After five years of squatting bases and pillars and beams, the construction of the “Belt and Road” is progressing towards the stage of rooting and sustainable development. The experts interviewed said that in the future, we must adhere to dialogue and consultation, joint construction and sharing, and win-win cooperation. Exchange and mutual learning, and promote the development of “One Belt, One Road” to high quality.

       Xue Li, director of the International Strategy Research Office of the Institute of World Economics and Politics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out that after five years of development, the construction of the “Belt and Road” has achieved initial results, summing up the work in the past five years from a global perspective system, sub-divisions, sub-sectors, and sub-divisions. At the same level, the overall evaluation of the construction results in the past five years will be carried out. On the basis of this, the next step of the work plan will be determined. It is essential for the next step to promote the “One Belt and One Road” to achieve deeper development and achieve high quality development.

       “If we regard the past five years as the first stage of the joint construction of the “Belt and Road”, this stage is mainly the propaganda of ideas, and the second stage will mainly explore the path of joint construction and cooperation.” China Academy of Social Sciences Asia-Pacific and Global Strategy Research Li Xiangyang, dean of the hospital, said: "The first phase of the 'Belt and Road' construction is mainly focused on the interconnection of infrastructure. In the future, we will continue to expand on this basis. For example, we build a railway, and the completion of rail laying is not an end, we have to play The role of the railway transportation line to realize the trade flow between the two countries."

       Li Xiangyang further pointed out that in the first stage, China's "Belt and Road" construction is mainly driven by the government, and the participating enterprises are mainly state-owned enterprises, especially central enterprises. In the second stage, the government must become the dominant guide, let the enterprises play the main role, and it is not enough to rely solely on state-owned enterprises. A large number of private enterprises should also participate. In addition, efforts should be made to build appropriate institutional mechanisms to achieve sustainable development of the “Belt and Road Initiative” initiative.

       Or taking the railway as an example, Li Xiangyang explained that the construction of a railway itself has no requirements for the construction of the mechanism, but after the opening of the railway, the logistics rules must be put on the agenda, especially the transnational logistics. "The institutionalization of these adaptations to international cooperation is conducive to the docking of the "One Belt, One Road" strategy with foreign initiatives and development strategies, and also helps to eliminate misunderstandings and doubts from the outside world."

       After five years of development, the concept of “One Belt, One Road” has been widely recognized by the international community, but there are still some misunderstandings and doubts. In this regard, Liu Ying, a researcher at the Chongyang Financial Research Institute of Renmin University of China, said that the first thing is to unanimously agree on principles and concepts. The “One Belt and One Road” will achieve common prosperity through joint construction and cooperation. This is a two-way interactive process. The transfer theory and the "China threat theory" are completely untenable. Xue Li also said that the next step should be to promote the implementation of relevant projects through legislative procedures at various levels, such as international, regional and bilateral, and promote the construction of the “Belt and Road”.

       Continue to play a role in building a community of human destiny

       Building the “Belt and Road” is not only an economic cooperation, but also an important way to improve the global development model and global governance and promote the healthy development of economic globalization. To build a community of human destiny with the "One Belt and One Road" as a platform for practice, this is proposed from the perspective of China's reform, opening up, and long-term development. It is also in line with the Chinese philosophy that the Chinese nation has always upheld, in line with the Chinese people's far-reaching and harmonious people. The view of the world has occupied the international morality.

       Li Xiangyang pointed out that President Xi has profoundly expounded on the concept of building a community of human destiny on various occasions. Dialogue and consultation, consultation and cooperation, cooperation and mutual benefit, exchange and mutual understanding, green and low carbon, and the connotation of the "One Belt, One Road" initiative These ideas are consistent. Moreover, from the perspective of positioning, President Xi clearly stated that the “Belt and Road” construction is a major strategic move to expand openness and the top-level design of economic diplomacy. This shows that the “One Belt, One Road” initiative has surpassed simple economic cooperation, but with economic cooperation. Based on the purpose, the purpose is to promote the common development of participating countries.

       The “Building the Belt and Road Initiative” initiative was proposed by China, but the goal is to achieve benefit sharing. Some host countries have even greater benefits than China.” Xue Li said that when we continue to promote the “Belt and Road” construction, we must pay special attention to the host country. Respect should continue to adhere to the principle of building, sharing, and sharing, so that the host country can more actively and actively participate in the construction of the “Belt and Road” to achieve common development and promote the building of a community of human destiny.

       In Liu Ying’s view, the “One Belt, One Road” initiative is to achieve cooperation and win-win. It can be seen as a new type of globalization initiative, which will help promote the international community towards a more open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced and The direction of winning is developing. Liu Ying said that the construction of the “Belt and Road” in the past five years has mainly been concentrated in the field of infrastructure. It can be said to be “hard connectivity”. In the future, we should focus more on “soft China Unicom”, such as standard docking and popular projects. We must also work hard to promote the liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment. "As an important practical platform for building a community of human destiny, building a 'One Belt, One Road' is a systematic project that requires the joint efforts of think tanks, media, etc." Liu Ying said.

       The international community is full of expectations for the second "One Belt, One Road" International Cooperation Summit Forum

       As one of China's most important home-time diplomatic activities in 2019, the second "One Belt, One Road" international cooperation summit forum will become an important symbol for the joint construction of the "Belt and Road" into a new stage. The international community is full of expectations on how to further build consensus and promote project landing, policy docking and mechanism building.

       Li Xiangyang has three levels of prospects for the second summit forum: first, the concept consensus will be further deepened, and misunderstandings and noises will be eliminated to reach a consensus at a deeper level; secondly, the path exploration will be further enriched, and with the deepening of the “Belt and Road” cooperation, In the new era, all parties will explore a more diverse path of cooperation on the basis of respecting the host country's national conditions and demands. Finally, the perception of results will become more apparent. With the promotion of the “Belt and Road”, people in some countries along the route feel. In the actual interest, this will promote the participation of other countries from the support of ideas to the participation of the action, and promote the construction of the “Belt and Road” to achieve greater development.

       Liu Ying said that the second summit forum is of great significance for promoting the construction of the “Belt and Road” to a higher quality. At present, China has signed cooperation agreements with more than 140 countries and international organizations to establish a “Belt and Road” cooperation. It can be said that consensus has been reached at the conceptual level. The second forum may focus more on the action level to promote relevant countries. Conduct deeper cooperation and build “One Belt, One Road” with higher standards.
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